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O

Ollier's disease

  • Endochondromatosis
  • L. Oilier (1830-1900) French surgeon, born in Vans in Ardeche. He initially studied natural science at Montpellier and in 1849 was assistant in botany in the Faculty of Medicine. He was intern of Lyons Hospital in 1851 and became senior surgeon at the Hotel Dieu in Lyons in 1860. When France was invaded by Germany in 1870 he became head of the Lyons Ambulance. He was a pioneer of bone resection by operative techniques and studied the regeneration of bone by the periosteum after resection. He was one of the first surgeons to employ an audit on his operative procedures, stating "it is in the certification and criticism of old results that is to be found the true consecration of operative methods which are intended to be used for purposes of conservative surgery". Following a ceremony in which he was made a Commander of the Legion of Honour by President Carnot, the President was murdered and Oilier was called in an attempt to remedy his wounds surgically. It was the inability of the surgeons to deal with the President's wounds effectively which led Carrel to his initial studies on techniques of vessel anastomosis.

Osgood-Schlatter's disease

  • Osteochondritis of the tibial tuberosity classically seen in adolescents
  • R B  Osgood (1873-1956) U S orthopaedic surgeon, Boston, U.S.A. Born in Salem, Massachusetts, graduated from Harvard in 1899. He described this disorder in 1903 and wrote extensively on all manner of orthopaedic surgery, including a monograph on the history of orthopaedic surgery, and became Head of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Harvard Medical School.
  • C  Schlatter (1865-1934) Swiss Professor of Surgery at Zurich. He graduated in medicine in Zurich in 1888 after working as a student in Zurich and Heidelberg. In the winter of 1889 to 1890 he studied in Vienna with Billroth and Albert. He performed the first successful gastrectomy in 1897 and wrote his description of Osgood-Schlatter disease in 1908. He was invited by Professor U. Kronlein to join him at the University Clinic at Zurich. Here he remained until he became Professor of Surgery. His main interest was in casualties and trauma and he published a number of papers and books on this subject. In 1914-15 he worked in the German prisoner of war camps and in the Stuttgart Military Hospital. He was a very skilful surgeon and a fine teacher. He became ill shortly before his retirement was due and died suddenly of a pulmonary illness.

 

 
 

Last updated: 03 January 2011

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