Up ] B ] C ] D ] [ E ] H ] K ] M ] O ] P ] R ] S ] T ] V ] W ] Z ]


Erb's palsy

  • Upper brachial plexus paralysis
  • W H. Erb (1840-1921) German neurologist. He was the first clinician to use the reflex hammer as a routine in physical examination. Born in Winweiler, the son of a forester, he studied medicine at Heidelberg and Munich. In 1865 he was appointed Privatdozent for medicine at Heidelberg and in 1869 he was appointed Associate Professor. In 1880 he went to Leipzig as Professor of Medicine, but returned to Heidelberg where he spent most of his life he succeeded his teacher Friedrich in 1883. He made early observations relating to syphilis and tabes dorsalis, popularised electrodiagnosis in neurology and demonstrated increased motor nerve irritability in tetany (Erb phenomenon). He was an excellent teacher although something of a martinet with a short temper one of his sayings to his students, who included Remak and Nonne, was "Pray every morning before you get out of bed O Lord let me not idle away my life today". He occupied the same position in German neurology as Charcot in France and Gowers in England.

Ewing's sarcoma

  • Malignant bone tumour occurring in children or young adults
  • J Ewing (1866-1943) US pathologist, born in Pittsburgh.  He graduated from Amherst College and obtained his medical degree from Columbia University in 1891. After interning there he went to the Pathology Department of Columbia where he worked until 1899, when he was appointed Professor of Pathology at Cornell University. There he taught for the next 33 years and made a number of contributions to clinical pathology of blood and neoplastic diseases, was a founder of the "Journal of Cancer Research" and wrote an important textbook "Neoplastic Disease".



Last updated: 03 January 2011

Copyright 1997- 2011 Surgical-tutor.org.uk